THE JOURNAL OF REGIONAL HISTORY V.3 No.1
The NKVD-MVD Juvenile Labour Colonies in the Vologda Region in the 1940s
THE JOURNAL OF REGIONAL HISTORY V.3 No.1

The NKVD-MVD Juvenile Labour Colonies in the Vologda Region in the 1940s

Authors:
Bublichenko Vladimir
DOI:
10.23859/2587-8344-2019-3-1-6
Full text:
The article describes the process of establishing  and functioning of the NKVD-MVD juvenile labour colonies of the Vologda Region in the 1940s. It shows the dynamics of the number of inmates in the colonies and specific character of their education and productive activities. The author concludes that the establishment of the NKVD-MVD juvenile labour colonies in the Vologda Region in the 1940s was consistent with the growth of child homelessness and neglect during the Great Patriotic War. The activities  of juvenile labour colonies at the regional level were determined by the nationwide policy aimed at eliminating homelessness, neglect and juvenile delinquency. Dur-ing the initial period, the activites of the juvenile labour colonies were adversely affected by the poor condition  of facilities and resources, which made it difficult to organize production process and led to difficulties in organizing school instruction and labour training for pupils. The experience accumulated made  it was possible to eliminate shortcomings in the work of juvenile labour colonies and to improve the quality of education and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders.
Bublichenko Vladimir
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor,
Ukhta State Technical University
(Ukhta, Russia)
vbublichenko@mail.ru
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Keywords:
homelessness, neglect, juvenile delinquency, juvenile labour colonies, Vologda Region, NKVD-MVD of the USSR
For citation:
Bublichenko, V. “The NKVD-MVD Juvenile Labour Colonies in the Vologda Region in the 1940s”. Historia Provinciae – The Journal of Regional History, vol. 3, no. 1 (2019): 371–395, http:// doi.org/10.23859/2587-8344-2019-3-1-6

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