The reflection of foreign policy in Russian political thought: History and modernity

The reflection of foreign policy in Russian political thought: History and modernity

Igor N. Tiapin
Full text:
The article examines the problem of formation and evolution of the Russian geopolitical school as a response to the global political processes, developments and postulates which, in turn, act as a reliable conceptual basis for the formulation of a modern geostrategy for the Russian Federation. The importance of geopolitical methodology derives from its association with the principles of the systemic approach, modern scientific rationality, the unity of theoretical and empirical thoughts. The historical evolution of Russian geopolitics is traced back in the context of the 19th - early 21st centuries, with its conceptual continuity and dynamics of ideas. It is proved that the fundamental principle of the Russian geopolitical ideal is the protection of its geopolitical space from the pressure of the Atlanticist civilization for the sake of achieving just social order, national revival and moral transformation of the mankind. The need for a new geopolitical recovery of Russia, with the effective confrontation of the subjects of globalization involves implementation of the Empire models and a new type of coherent solutions to the problems of integration of the post-Soviet space, formation of focal points for geopolitical control in the Eastern and Western hemispheres, and finally, the creation of a Eurasian continental bloc for the restoration of inter-civilizational balance.
Igor N. Tiapin
Doctor of Philosophy Sciences, PhD in Historical Sciences, Professor
Vologda State University
Vologda, Russia
    1. Аksenov K.E. Idei L.N. Gumileva i sovremennaya rossijskaya geopolitika [The Ideas of L.N. Gumilev and contemporary Russian geopolitics]. Ehtnograficheskoe obozrenie [Ethnographic Review], 200, no. 3, pp. 44–53. (In Russian)
    2. Baburin S.N. Vozvrashhenie russkogo konservatizma [The Return of Russian Conservatism]. Moscow: Institut russkoj tsivilizatsii, 2012. 832 p. (In Russian)
    3. Baburin S.N. Mirovoj poryadok kak sistema obladaniya territoriyami [World order as a system of owning land]. Nash sovremennik. [Our Contemporary], 2006, no. 7, pp. 202–224. (In Russian)
    4. Danilevskij N.Ya. Rossiya i Evropa [Russia and Europe]. St Petersburg: Glagol, 1995. 552 p. (In Russian)
    5. Dugin А.G. Osnovy geopolitiki [The Foundations of Geopolitics]. Moscow: Аrktogeya, 1997. 608 p. (In Russian)
    6. Fadeev R.А. Mnenie o Vostochnom voprose [Opinion on the Eastern question]. Available at: (date of access: 29.04.2017). (In Russian)
    7. Fursov А. Russkij kovcheg. Izvestnyj istorik o budushhem Rossii [Russian ark. Well-known historian on Russia's future]. Zavtra [Tomorrow], 2007, no. 5. (In Russian)
    8. Gerdt YA.V. Istoki rossijskoj geopolitiki [The origins of Russian geopolitics]. Evrazijskij zhurnal regional'nykh i politicheskikh issledovanij [Eurasian Journal of Regional and Political studies], 2012, no. 12, pp. 26–30. (In Russian)
    9. Holmogorov E.S. Russkij natsionalist [Russian Nationalist]. Moscow: Evropa, 2006. 432 p. (In Russian)
    10. Il'in I.А. Sobranie sochinenij [Collection of Works] v 10 t. T. 2. Kniga 1. Nashi zadachi [Our Objectives]. Moscow: Russkaya kniga, 1993. 496 p. (In Russian)
    11. Klimenko А.N. Vliyanie idei ‘Moskva – Tretij Rim’ na rossijskuyu geopolitiku XIX – XX vv. [The Impact of the Idea ‘Moscow – the Third Rome’ in Russian geopolitics the 19th –
20th centuries. Doctoral dissertation]. Moscow, 2014. 24 p. (In Russian)
    12. Leont'ev K.N. Khram i Tserkov' [The Temple and the Church]. Moscow: АST, 2003. 636 p. (In Russian)
    13. Mackinder H. The geographical pivot of history. Geographical Journal, 1904, vol. 23, pp. 421–437.
    14. Makeev А.V. Geopoliticheskij put' Rossii v koordinatakh bezopasnosti [Geopolitical role of Russia in the coordinates of the security]. Prostranstvo i vremya [Space and Time], 2010, no. 2, pp. 107–116. (In Russian)
    15. Mir Rossii – Evraziya: antologiya [The World of Russia – Eurasia: Anthology]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1995. 399 p. (In Russian)
    16. Molotkov А.E. Missiya Rossii. Pravoslavie i sotsializm v XXI veke [Orthodox Christianity and Socialism in the 21st century]. St Petrsburg: Russkij ostrov, 2008. 395 p. (In Russian)
    17. Morozov E.F. Poslednij fel'dmarshal [The last field-marshal]. Russkij geopoliticheskij sbornik [Russian Geopolitical Collection], 1997, no. 2, pp. 34–38. (In Russian)
    18. Narochnitskaya N.А. Rossiya i russkie v mirovoj istorii [Russia and the Russians in the World History]. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2003. 536 p. (In Russian)
    19. Osipov V.N. Russkoe pole [Russian Field]. Moscow: Desnitsa, 1998. 170 p. (In Russian)
    20. Panarin А.S. Rossiya v tsiklakh mirovoj istorii [Russia in the Cycles of World History]. Moscow: Moskovskij universitet, 1999. 288 p. (In Russian)
    21. Panarin А.S. Strategicheskaya nestabil'nost' [Strategic Instability]. Moscow: Аlgoritm, 2003. 560 p. (In Russian)
    22. Panarin А.S. Vyzov (Geopoliticheskij pessimizm protiv tsivilizatsionnogo optimizma) [Call (Geopolitical pessimism vs civilizational optimism)].  Politicheskaya nauka v Rossii: intellektual'nyj poisk i real'nost' [Political Science in Russia: Smart Search and Reality]. Moscow, 2000, pp. 80–94. (In Russian)
    23. Rabotyazhev N.V. Istoriosofiya i geopolitika rossijskogo konservatizma: opyt analiza [Historiosophy and geopolitics of Russian conservatism: experience of analysis]. Politiya: analiz, khronika, prognoz [Polity: Analysis, News, Forecast], 2007, no. 2, pp. 103–116. (In Russian)
    24. Semenov-Tian-Shanskii V.P. O mogushchestvennom territorial'nom vladenii primenitel'no k Rossii. Ocherk po politicheskoj geografii [About the powerful territorial possession with reference to Russia. Essay on Political Geography]. Prostranstvennaya ehkonomika [Spatial Economics], 2008, no. 2, pp. 144–160. (In Russian)
    25. Tiapin I.N. Nravstvennoe gosudarstvo kak gosudarstvo spravedlivosti: shtrikhi k kontseptsii [Moral state as the state of justice: touches to the concept]. Filosofiya prava [Philosophy of Law], 2016, no. 6 (79), pp. 57–62. (In Russian)
    26. Tsymburskij V.L. Geopolitika kak mirovidenie i rod zanyatij [Geopolitics as a world view and occupation]. Polis: politicheskie issledovaniya [Polis: Political Studies], 1999, no. 4, pp. 7–28. (In Russian)
    27. Shestakov S.А. Politicheskij konservatizm v postsovetskoj Rossii  [Political Conservatism in Post-Soviet Russia].  Moscow: Prometej, 2003. 168 p. (In Russian)
    28. Yakunin V.I., Zelenev V.I., Zeleneva I.V. Rossijskaya shkola geopolitiki [The Russian School of Geopolitics]. St Petersburg: Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet, 2008. 367 p. (In Russian)
geopolitics, national state idea, geopolitical cycle, geopolitical consciousness, Eurasianism, monarchist traditionalism, social traditionalism, anti-globalization, fair state, geopolitical restoration
For citation:
Tiapin I. The reflection of foreign policy in Russian political thought: History and modernity. Historia provinciae – the journal of regional history, 2017, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 6–22. DOI: 10.23859/2587-8352-2017-1-3-1

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2587-8344 (Online)