Transformations in political preferences of voters (Comparative analysis of the ...

Transformations in political preferences of voters (Comparative analysis of the 2016 and 2021 election campaigns)

Evgeniy A. Markov
Full text:
In the article offered to the readers, the author analyses the results of the 2021 Russian legislative elections, using a comparative method. The parallels with the results of previous election campaigns on the basis of the results obtained by both political parties and individual candidates are drawn. The purpose of the article is to evaluate the level of political activity of voters in different regions of Russia and to identify changes that have taken place in the moods of various social groups. The article analyses the peculiarities of the election campaigns organized by different political forces as well as the course of preparation and conduct of the elections themselves, both at the federal and regional levels. Finally, the author concludes that the United Russia political party (Edinaya Rossiya), which received a constitutional majority in the renewed State Duma again, will have to consider the realities highlighted by the election campaign. But most importantly, it is this party that will have to take responsibility for passing the laws that would ensure socio-economic development of the country as a condition of increasing the welfare of the population.
Evgeniy A. Markov
Doctor of Political Science, Associate Professor
Cherepovets State University, Cherepovets. Russia
Anokhina, N.V., and M.E. Brandes. “Rol' SMK v izbiratel'nom protsesse” [The role of mass media in the electoral process]. Politicheskaya nauka, no. 3 Vybory v postkommunisticheskikh obshchestvakh: problemno-tematicheskii sbornik [Elections in post-communist societies: a thematic collection] (2000): 137–51. (In Russian)
Berelson В., P. Lazarsfeld, and W. McPhee. Voting: a study of opinion formation in a presidential campaign. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1954.
Bogomolova, N.N. Massovaya kommunikatsiya i obshchenie [Mass communication and interaction]. Moscow: Znanie, 1988. (In Russian)
Dean, J. Kommunizm ili neofeodalizm [Communism or Neo-Feudalism?]. Logos, vol. 29, no. 6 (2019): 85–114. (In Russian)
Downs, A. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1957.
“Ella Pamfilova ob"yavila predvaritel'nye rezul'taty vyborov deputatov Gosudarstvennoi Dumy” [Ella Pamfilova announced the preliminary results of the elections to the State Duma]. Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
“Esli est' ostatki sovesti: Pamfilova predlozhila kandidatam-dvoinikam Vishnevskogo snyat'sya s vyborov” [If there are any shreds of conscience: Pamfilova suggested that Vishnevskii’s doppelganger candidates withdraw from the elections]. Rosbalt. September 06, 2021. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
“Edinoe bol'shinstvo. Chem udivili rezul'taty vyborov v regionakh” [Unanimous majority. What was surprising about the results of the elections in the regions]. RIA Novosti. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
Fiorina, M. Retrospective voting in American national elections. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.
Gavra, D.P. Obshchestvennoe mnenie kak sotsiologicheskaya kategoriya i sotsial'nyi institut [Public opinion as a sociological category and social institute]. St Petersburg: ISEP, 1995. (In Russian)
Golosov, G.V. “Povedenie izbiratelei v Rossii: teoreticheskie perspektivy i rezul'taty regional'nykh vyborov” [Voting behavior in Russia: theoretical perspectives and results of regional elections]. Polis, no. 4 (1997): 44–56. (In Russian)
Gorshkov, M.K. Obshchestvennoe mnenie [Public opinion]. Moscow: Politizdat, 1988. (In Russian)
Korol'ko, V.G. Osnovy pablik rileishnz [Basics of public relations]. Moscow: Refl-buk; Kiev: Vakler, 2000. Accessed September 28, 2021. (In Russian)
Krüger, U. Meinungsmacht. Der Einfluss von Eliten auf Leitmedien und Alpha-Journalisten – eine kritische Netzwerkanalyse. Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag, 2013.
Kuznetsova, E. “Itogi vyborov–2021: kandidaty ‘Umnogo golosovaniya’ proigrali, ‘distantsionka’ vse pomenyala, ‘ER’ vyigrala ne vezde” [Results of 2021 elections: ‘smart voting’ candidates lost; the ‘remote voting’ changed everything; United Russia did not win everywhere]. TJ. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
Lipset, S.M., and S. Rokkan. “Cleavage structures, party systems and voter alignments.” In Party systems and voter alignments: cross-national perspectives, edited by S.M. Lipset and S. Rokkan, 1–64. New York: Free Press, 1967.
Markov, E.A. “Dinamicheskie protsessy v elektoral'nom povedenii izbiratelei g. Cherepovtsa na vyborakh 2011–2018 gg.” [Dynamic processes in the electoral behavior of Cherepovets’s voters in the elections in 2011–2018]. Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo, no. 11 (76) (2019): 19–27. (In Russian)
Potaipeko, D.A. Pravosoznanie kak osoboe obshchestvennoe yavlenie [Legal consciousness as a special public phenomenon]. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1970. (In Russian)
Pushkareva, G.V. “Izuchenie elektoral'nogo povedeniya: kontury kognitivnoi modeli” [Study of electoral behavior: the contours of the cognitive model]. Polis, no. 3 (2003): 120–30. (In Russian)
“Proceedings of the American Association for Public Opinion Research at the Third International Conference on Public Opinion Research, Eagles Mere, Pennsylvania, September 12–15, 1948.” Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 12, no. 4 (Winter 1948–49): 788–840.
“Rezul'taty vyborov 2021. Glavnye tsifry” [2021 election results. Main figures]. Kommersant, September 20, 2021. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
Rutkevich, M.N. “Sotsiologiya, vlast', obshchestvennoe mnenie” [Sociology, power, public opinion]. Sotsial'no-politicheskii zhurnal, no. 7 (1993): 5–16. (In Russian)
Safarov, R.A. Obshchestvennoe mnenie i gosudarstvennoe upravlenie [Public opinion and public administration]. Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura, 1975. (In Russian)
Solov'ev, A.I. “Politicheskaya kommunikatsiya: k probleme teoreticheskoi identifikatsii” [Political communication: on the problem of theoretical identification]. Polis, no. 3 (2002): 5–18. (In Russian)
“V kakikh regionakh ‘Edinaya Rossiya’ i LDPR ustupili mandaty kommunistam?” [In what regions have United Russia and the LDPR ceded mandates to the Communists?]. RBK. Accessed September 22, 2021. (In Russian)
Zasurskii, Ya.N., ed. Sistema sredstv massovoi informatsii Rossii [The system of Russia’s mass media]. Moscow: Aspekt Press: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 2001. (In Russian)
Zasurskii, Ya.N., ed. Sredstva massovoi informatsii postsovetskoi Rossii [Mass media of post-Soviet Russia]. Moscow: Aspekt press, 2002. (In Russian)
Zavershinskii, K.F. “Kognitivnye osnovaniya politicheskoi kul'tury: opyt metodologicheskoi refleksii” [Cognitive foundations of political culture: an experience of methodological reflection]. Polis, no. 3 (2002): 19–30. (In Russian)
2021 election, 2016 election, State Duma, United Russia, CPRF, LDPR, A Just Russia – For Truth, New People
For citation:
Markov, E.A. “Transformations in political preferences of voters (Comparative analysis of the 2016 and 2021 election campaigns).” Historia provinciae – the Journal of Regional History, vol. 6, no. 1 (2022): 211–39,

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2587-8344 (Online)