THE JOURNAL OF REGIONAL HISTORY V.3 No.2
The Phenomenon of Harbin as a Polyphonic City
THE JOURNAL OF REGIONAL HISTORY V.3 No.2

The Phenomenon of Harbin as a Polyphonic City

Authors:
Maria V. Krotova
DOI:
10.23859/2587-8344-2019-3-2-6
Full text:
The article attempts to study the features of Harbin, a city in Manchuria (northeastern China), which for several decades was considered a “Russian island” in China. Founded in 1898 in connection with the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway, the city went through several stages in its development and experienced different influences. The main emphasis is placed on the symbolic meaning of Harbin, its polyphony, the problem of interaction of cultures, and the possibility of compromise and co-existence of different ideologies, national and social groups.

Maria V. Krotova
Doctor of  Historical Sciences, Professor
St. Petersburg State University of Economics
St Petersburg, Russia
mary_krot@mail.ru
Alekseev, M. Sovetskaya voennaya razvedka v Kitae i khronika “kitaiskoi smuty” (1922–1929) [Soviet military intelligence in China and the chronicle of the “Chinese turmoil” (1922–1929)]. Moscow: Kuchkovo pole, 2010. (In Russian)
Aurilene, E.E. Rossiiskaya diaspora v Kitae (1920–1950-e gg.) [The Russian Diaspora in China (1920s – 1950s)]. Khabarovsk: Chastnaya kollektsiya, 2008. (In Russian)
Bakich, O. Harbin Russian Imprints: Bibliography as History, 1898–1961: Materials for a de-finitive bibliography. NY; Paris: Norman Ross Publishing Inc., 2002.
Bakich, O. Valerii Pereleshin: The Life of a Silkworm. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015.
Benagh, Ch. Anglichanin pri Tsarskom Dvore: dukhovnoe palomnichestvo Charl'za Sidneya Gibbsa [An Englishman in the Court of the Tsar: The Spiritual Journey of Charles Sydney Gibbes]. Translated by V.V. Kuznetsov. St Petersburg: Tsarskoe delo, 2006. (In Russian)
Buyakov, A.M., I.K. Kapran, and M.B. Serdyuk, eds. Voprosy istorii Kitaisko-Vostochnoi zhe-leznoi dorogi i goroda Kharbina (120-letie stroitel'stva) [Questions of history of the Chinese Eastern Railway and the city of Harbin (The 120th anniversary of construction)]. Vladivostok: Vladivos-tokskii gosudarstvennyi universitet ekonomiki i servisa, 2018. (In Russian)
Gamsa, M. “Harbin in Comparative Perspective.” Urban History, vol. 37, no. 1 (May 2010): 136–49.
Gins, G. “Kharbin, emigratsiya i kul'tura” [Harbin, emigration and culture]. Zarya (Kharbin). July 10, 1938. (In Russian)
Gruner, F. “Russians in Manchuria: From Imperial to National Identity in Colonial and Semi-Colonial Space.” In Crossing Boundaries: Ethnicity, Race and National Belonginess in a Transna-tional World, edited by B. D. Behnken and S. Wendt, 183–205. Lanham: Lexington books, 2013.
Ikuta, M. “Two Russians in Harbin: The Émigré Community and the Soviet Colony.” In Russia and Its Northeast Asian Neighbors: China, Japan, and Korea, 1858–1945, edited by Kimitaka Mat-suzato, 175–87. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2017.
Kapran, I.K. Povsednevnaya zhizn' russkogo naseleniya Kharbina (konets XIX – 50-e gg. XX v.) [Everyday life of the Russian population in the city of Harbin (late 19th century – the 1950s]. Vladivostok: Dal'nevostochnyi federal'nyi universitet, 2011. (In Russian)
Kradin, N.P. Kharbin – russkaya Atlantida: ocherki [Harbin – the Russian Atlantis: essays]. Khabarovsk: Khabarovskaya kraevaya tipografiya, 2010. (In Russian)
Kreid, V.P. and O.M. Bakich, comps. Russkaya poeziya Kitaya: Antologiya [Russian poetry of China: an anthology]. Moscow: Vremya, 2001. (In Russian)
Krotova, M.V. “Avgust 1945 g. v Man'chzhurii v vospominaniyakh russkoi emigratsii” [August 1945 in Manchuria in the memoirs of Russian emigrants]. In Nansenovskie chteniya: 2009 [The Nansen Readings: 2009], 117–30. St. Petersburg: Russkaya emigratsiya, 2010. (In Russian)
Krotova, M.V. Kharbin – tsentr russkogo vliyaniya v Man'chzhurii (1898–1917 gg.) [Harbin, the center of Russian influence in Manchuria (1898–1917)]. St. Petersburg: Sankt Peterburgskii go-sudarstvennyi universitet ekonomiki i finansov, 2010. (In Russian)
Melikhov, G.V. Belyi Kharbin: seredina 20-kh [White Harbin: the mid-20s]. Moscow: Russkii put', 2003. (In Russian)
Merritt, St. “‘Matushka Rossiya, primi svoikh detei!’[‘Mother Russia, accept your children!’]: Archival Materials on the Stalinist Repression of the Soviet Kharbintsy.” Rossiyane v Azii, no. 5 (1998): 205–09.
Raian, N. Rossiya – Kharbin – Avstraliya: Sokhranenie i utrata yazyka na primere russkoi di-aspory, prozhivshei XX vek vne Rossii [Russia – Harbin – Australia: preserving and losing the lan-guage as in the case of the Russian diaspora that lived through the 20th century outside Russia]. Moscow: Russkii put', 2005. (In Russian)
Setnitskii, N.A. “Storozheyu na Sungari” [Watchman on the Sungari]. In Iz istorii filosofsko-esteticheskoi mysli 1920-kh – 1930-kh gg. Vypusk 1 [From the history of philosophical and aesthetic thought of the 1920s–1930s. Issue 1], 255–59. Moscow: Institut mirovoi literatury RAN, 2003. (In Russian)
Smirnov, S.V. Rossiiskie emigranty v Severnoi Man'chzhurii v 1920–1945 gg. (problema sot-sial'noi adaptatsii) [Russian emigrants in Northern Manchuria in 1920–1945 (the problem of social adaptation)]. Yekaterinburg: Ural'skii gosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii universitet, 2009. (In Rus-sian)
Taskina, E.P. Neizvestnyi Kharbin [Unknown Harbin]. Moscow: Prometei, 1994. (In Russian)
Zabiyako, A.A., A.P. Zabiyako, S.S. Levoshko, and A.A. Khisamutdinov. Russkii Kharbin: opyt zhiznestroitel'stva v usloviyakh dal'nevostochnogo frontira [Russian Harbin: experience of life-building in the conditions of the Far-Eastern frontier]. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskii gosudarstvennyi universitet, 2015. (In Russian)
Keywords:
Harbin, Harbinites, Manchuria, China, Russian emigration, USSR, interaction of cultures, polyphony of the city
For citation:
Krotova, M. “Phenomenon of Harbin as a Polyphonic City.” Historia Provinciae – The journal of regional history, vol. 3, no. 2 (2019): 749–785, http:// doi.org/10.23859/2587-8344-2019-3-2-6

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2587-8344 (Online)